Planning a romantic restaurant dinner for Valentine's Day? We asked restaurant industry insiders which foods you should skip, whether it's to avoid outrageous markups, food poisoning, or germ minefields.

By Sheri Alzeerah

1. Meat with the Bone In

Small cuts of meat, like bone-in pork or chicken breasts, are harder to cook thoroughly because their outsides easily char. This often translates to crispy on the outside and raw on the inside. Unlike undercooked beef—say, a rare burger or a steak tartare—undercooked pork and chicken are highly dangerous and could causes food-borne illnesses.

Plus, bone-in means less meat.

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2. Iceberg Lettuce

The iceberg wedge salad is one of the industry’s biggest rip-offs.

Take into account that iceberg lettuce is about 98 percent water, and it’s easy to see why. “It's marked up at least 20 times,” says Peter Chastain, executive chef and owner of California’s Prima Ristorante. Plus, germs can hide inside lettuce’s cracks, corners, and edges.

“You think lemons in water are dirty? The salads are filthy,” Cannon says. Even if restaurants do decide to wash their greens, the lettuce is often served soggy, which is big red flag—standing water mixed with lukewarm, mayo-based dressing is a disaster waiting to happen.

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3. Best-Sellers

You might think best-selling items have high turnover. But to keep up with demand, fast-food restaurants and some other places pre-make their top sellers, which gives these wrapped and bagged choices plenty of time to develop food-borne illnesses.

Instead, opt for the less popular options which are more likely to be prepared to order, says Howard Cannon, CEO of Restaurant Expert Witness and author of The Complete Idiot’s Guide to Starting A Restaurant, who adds, “Anything sitting in holding, covered with mayonnaise, is probably not that great."

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4. Tap Water

"One of the most dangerous items in a restaurant is water,” Cannon says, although anything that sits between 40 degrees to 140 degrees for more than a short time has a high potential to harbor bacteria.

If your table is already set with a carafe of water, or you're handed anything warmer than ice-cold, ask for a new glass.

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5. Free Bar Snacks

Since these nuts, pretzels, and other munchies are free of charge, restaurants and bars often don’t set out a fresh serving for each new customer. It's like eating out of a stranger's hand!

Then at closing time they're dumped back into a container, to be re-poured into dishes the next day.

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6. Sauced-up Specials

To avoid running out of ingredients during the dinner rush, restaurants often order more food than they need. At the end of the day, surplus ingredients that haven't expired can turn into tomorrow’s specials, disguised with sauce.

“Watch out for an expensive item used in a way that's minimizing its flavor,” says Stephen Zagor, founder of consulting firm Hospitality & Culinary Resources, in Wall Street Journal’s SmartMoney. Be wary of meat that's been cut, braised, and disguised in a pasta, stew, or soup dish.

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7. DIY Grilling

Restaurants with a built-in-grill dining table sound like fun. But: “Braised food from a steam table is fraught with peril—sneezing customers, improper cooking,” says Chastain. Leave the cooking to the chefs.

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8. Meatloaf

First, there's often more filler than meat, but restaurants think if they drown the dish in enough sauce and seasoning, you won't notice.

To help sell it further, many menus use descriptive words like “homemade,” “home-cooked,” “home-style,” or worst of all, “Mom’s.”

Don’t insult your mama! Order a burger or a steak.

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9. "From-there" Seafood

Unless the joint is known for its seafood, there’s no guarantee you're going to get what's on the menu. While the kitchen might swap snapper for a cheaper tilapia, many times the distributors do a bait and switch, too.

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10. “Gourmet” Burgers

By working in one expensive ingredient in small batches (see: truffle oil, fois gras), many customers are cheated into believing they’re getting a taste of highbrow fare for a relatively low price. Beware: Most commercial truffle oils are created by mixing olive oil with a lab-produced chemical.

Zagat ranked truffle oil as one of the eight most overrated ingredients, comparing the oil to trendy fashion labels: "it’s obnoxious, overpriced, and made with cheap material."

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11. Ice Cream

Unless it’s exotic or made in-house, it’s not worth your time, money, or caloric intake.

“The idea of dropping big dollars in a restaurant to pay for the same brand I can get from the local grocery doesn’t make me want any,” says Mark Ladisky, senior operations consultant for Synergy Restaurant Consultants.

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12. Chicken

He who orders chicken is, in terms of ordering outside the box, a chicken. “There is typically nothing unique about the preparation that is worth my attention on the menu,” says Ladisky. It's also cheap meat that gets marked up substantially. Be bolder.

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13. Pizza

Pizza is a gold mine for restaurants: cheap ingredients and big mark-ups. So buying pizza from a restaurant that isn’t dedicated to doing it right is a waste of money and tomatoes, according to Ladisky.

“I can’t recommend throwing money away on a slightly upgraded freezer-section pizza baked in a toaster oven,” he says.

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14. Edamame

Though it might be the cheapest appetizer on the menu, it’s never worth as much as it costs. A giant 12-oz. steamable bag of edamame at the grocery store will run you the same price on average, if not cheaper. And all that goes into preparing edamame is a little heating up.

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15. Bread

A basket of bread is a restaurant standby—and more importantly, a complimentary restaurant standby. Don’t be duped into doling out a few bucks, even if it's artisan-quality.

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